Alberobello, the world capital of Trulli

Alberobello

“A population of ants” so in the ‘20s Tommaso Fiore called  the inhabitants of Murgia, the mountains that occupies the central part of Puglia.

The farmers, sent by the Counts of Conversano in this territory in which at the time constructing was forbidden, if not precariously, were able to turn their weakness into strength, by building the famous Trulli with the only material available to them: stone.

The casedde, as they are called in the Apulian dialect, are homes unique in the world: they have no foundation and are built directly on the rock, with blocks of stone roughly worked and leaning on each other, with no mortar, covered by a conical structure of small slabs of gray stone, called chianchiarelle.

Alberobello, in the province of Bari, is the only village in the world entirely composed of trulli.
Arriving in this corner of Puglia, one has the impression of being in an enchanted place: the trulli, different from one another, have chimneys and pinnacles of all forms. Above the roofs then, some patternsare drawn, magical symbols, pagan, Christian or purely ornamental.

There are the astrological, zodiac and planetary signs. Aries is hope of a healthy and strong life. The signs of Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo and Libra are wishing the inhabitants of the house good luck, for siblings, parents, children and spouses. The Sun symbolizes life, while the Moon is the guardian of the asleep trullo. A particular sign is the trident to the sky symbolizing the three prayers addressed to the Trinity. Among the pagan symbols, which date back to the ancient Romans, the eagle represents the soul which aspires to heaven, and the snake, the prudence.

The most widespread Christian image is the Cross, in many different forms: simple, radiant, and dotted.

There is no lack of flowers, intertwined hearts, stars and olive branches, figment of the peasants’s imagination.

In December 1996, the “Trulli of Alberobello” were declared UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Alberobello, il trullo Sovrano

The ultimate expression of the art and style of these buildings is the Sovereign Trullo, which lies to the north of the village, behind the Church of Saints Cosma and Damiano.

Built in the first half of the eighteenth century, on behalf of the wealthy family of the priest Cataldo Perta, it is the only trullo with a raised floor. Its majestic conical dome, 14 meters high, stands at the center of a group of twelve cones.

The local handicraft is renowned for the manufacture of iron and stone, and for the olive wood baskets, but also for the production of young wine and other local specialties such as almond sweets, pettole, cartellate and macaroons. The inhabitants of Alberobello are also known for their skill in the textile industry: it is still possible to buy linen garments in the historic center shops.In this Trullo, the master constructor, still respecting the old constraints imposed by Count Gian Girolamo Acquaviva, adopted unique design solutions that allowed him to realize both vaults in a cone shape without resorting to the wooden floor and the staircase to the upper floor recessed in wall.
The anonymous constructor uses every available space obtaining niches, cabinets and a spacious hideout, useful and necessary to protect themselves from the bandits in those times.

Evocative setting of numerous events, Alberobello is a charming scenery for the Passion and the Nativity that animate the city center at Easter and Christmas.

Alberobello, l'interno di un truppo

Alberobello, una piazza

Alberobello, le vie del centro

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